The goal of this example is to show you how to get a Node.js application into aDocker container. The guide is intended for development, and not for aproduction deployment. The guide also assumes you have a working Dockerinstallation and a basicunderstanding of how a Node.js application is structured.
I chose Alpine Linux to build the Docker image bcos its light weight. I started adding dependencies to the Dockerfile and I came across a situation where I needed to use a specific version of the package. So this was what I had in my Dockerfile: RUN apk update && apk upgrade && apk add ruby. Docker is a software platform that lets you build, ship, and run containers. You can read more about Docker and Containers in general from the official documentation. In this article, you’ll learn how to build a docker image for a Go application. We’ll start with a simple image, then we’ll learn how to attach a volume to the docker image.
In the first part of this guide we will create a simple web application inNode.js, then we will build a Docker image for that application, and lastly wewill instantiate a container from that image.
Docker Apk Add Ca-certificates
Docker allows you to package an application with its environment and all of its dependencies into a'box', called a container. Usually, a container consists of an application running in a stripped-to-basics version of a Linux operating system. An image is the blueprint for a container, a container is a running instance of an image.
- Okay, I updated my post. Everything works up until the apk add command. Thanks for your help! New to docker AND https, so this is a bit of a challenge for me.
- Browse other questions tagged permissions docker alpine-linux apk-tools or ask your own question. The Overflow Blog Podcast 373: Authorization is complex.
- Sep 23, 2021 Specify the Docker Compose files that define services which you want to run in containers. If necessary, you can restrict the services that this configuration will start, specify environment variables, and force building of images before starting corresponding containers (that is, add the -build option for the docker-compose up command).
Create the Node.js app
First, create a new directory where all the files would live. In this directorycreate a
package.json file that describes your app and its dependencies:
With your new
package.json file, run
npm install. If you are using
npmversion 5 or later, this will generate a
package-lock.json file which will be copiedto your Docker image.
Then, create a
server.js file that defines a web app using theExpress.js framework:
In the next steps, we'll look at how you can run this app inside a Dockercontainer using the official Docker image. First, you'll need to build a Dockerimage of your app.
Creating a Dockerfile
Create an empty file called
Dockerfile in your favorite text editor
The first thing we need to do is define from what image we want to build from.Here we will use the latest LTS (long term support) version
nodeavailable from the Docker Hub:
Next we create a directory to hold the application code inside the image, thiswill be the working directory for your application:
This image comes with Node.js and NPM already installed so the next thing weneed to do is to install your app dependencies using the
npm binary. Pleasenote that if you are using
npm version 4 or earlier a
package-lock.jsonfile will not be generated.
Docker Apk Add Ons
Note that, rather than copying the entire working directory, we are only copyingthe
package.json file. This allows us to take advantage of cached Dockerlayers. bitJudo has a good explanation of thishere.Furthermore, the
npm ci command, specified in the comments, helps provide faster, reliable, reproducible builds for production environments.You can read more about this here.
To bundle your app's source code inside the Docker image, use the
Your app binds to port
8080 so you'll use the
EXPOSE instruction to have itmapped by the
Last but not least, define the command to run your app using
CMD which definesyour runtime. Here we will use
node server.js to start your server:
Dockerfile should now look like this:
Docker Apk Add Proxy
.dockerignore file in the same directory as your
Dockerfilewith following content:
This will prevent your local modules and debug logs from being copied onto yourDocker image and possibly overwriting modules installed within your image.
Building your image
Go to the directory that has your
Dockerfile and run the following command tobuild the Docker image. The
-t flag lets you tag your image so it's easier tofind later using the
docker images command:
Your image will now be listed by Docker:
Run the image
Running your image with
-d runs the container in detached mode, leaving thecontainer running in the background. The
-p flag redirects a public port to aprivate port inside the container. Run the image you previously built:
Print the output of your app:
If you need to go inside the container you can use the
To test your app, get the port of your app that Docker mapped:
In the example above, Docker mapped the
8080 port inside of the container tothe port
49160 on your machine.
Now you can call your app using
curl (install if needed via:
sudo apt-getinstall curl):
We hope this tutorial helped you get up and running a simple Node.js applicationon Docker.
You can find more information about Docker and Node.js on Docker in thefollowing places: