- Docker Run Ubuntu Images
- Run Ubuntu Docker Image On Windows
- Docker Run Ubuntu Image File
- Docker Run Ubuntu Image Editor
- Docker Run Ubuntu 18.04 Image
In this tutorial, we showed you how we can install Docker on Ubuntu 18.04 from the Terminal, and how we can fetch images and run Docker containers using the docker command. I hope this tutorial serves you well and clears any doubts regarding Docker installation or running a Docker container on Ubuntu. Next we see how to run an Image, by running an Image we actually create a container out of that image. Lets run our ubuntu image. To start a Docker container use the command: docker run imagename We’ll run the Ubuntu image. So the command will be: docker run ubuntu. The container is created, but not started. In the first run, this will take some time as the Docker client will download the ubuntu image, run all the commands and prepare your image. Re-running docker build after any subsequent changes you make to the application code will almost be instantaneous. Now let's try running our app. Docker permits you to create the image in the following ways: Interactively launch BASH shell under Ubuntu Base image, install Nginx and its dependencies, and then save the image. Build the image using Dockerfile. In this tutorial we will create Ubuntu instance and host Website running under Nginx Web Server using an interactive shell on Ubuntu.
I am new to docker, trying to practice docker-compose commands! My doubt is how to run ubuntu/alpile kind of operating system images using docker-compose?
Here is the docker-compose.yml file:
Here is the output when i run “docker-compose up” command.
WARNING: The Docker Engine you’re using is running in swarm mode.
Compose does not use swarm mode to deploy services to multiple nodes in a swarm. All containers will be scheduled on the current node.
To deploy your application across the swarm, use
docker stack deploy.
Starting docker-compose-1_myubuntu_1 … done
Starting docker-compose-1_myalpine_1 … done
Attaching to docker-compose-1_myubuntu_1, docker-compose-1_myalpine_1
docker-compose-1_myubuntu_1 exited with code 0
docker-compose-1_myalpine_1 exited with code 0
[[email protected] docker-compose-1]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES
None of the containers are running…!
Can someone help me, how to run these images using docker-compose?
Thank you in advvance.
Estimated reading time: 10 minutes
Work through the steps to build a Node JS image in Build your Node image.
In the previous module we created our sample application and then we created a Dockerfile that we used to create an image. We created our image using the command
docker build. Now that we have an image, we can run that image and see if our application is running correctly.
A container is a normal operating system process except that this process is isolated and has its own file system, its own networking, and its own isolated process tree separate from the host.
To run an image inside of a container, we use the
docker run command. The
docker run command requires one parameter and that is the image name. Let’s start our image and make sure it is running correctly. Execute the following command in your terminal.
When you run this command, you’ll notice that you were not returned to the command prompt. This is because our application is a REST server and will run in a loop waiting for incoming requests without return control back to the OS until we stop the container.
Let’s open a new terminal then make a GET request to the server using the curl command.
Our curl command failed because the connection to our server was refused. It means that we were not able to connect to localhost on port 8000. This is expected because our container is running in isolation which includes networking. Let’s stop the container and restart with port 8000 published on our local network.
To stop the container, press ctrl-c. This will return you to the terminal prompt.
To publish a port for our container, we’ll use the
--publish flag (
-p for short) on the docker run command. The format of the
--publish command is
[host port]:[container port]. So if we wanted to expose port 8000 inside the container to port 3000 outside the container, we would pass 3000:8000 to the --publish flag.
Start the container and expose port 8000 to port 8000 on the host.
Now let’s rerun the curl command from above. Remember to open a new terminal.
Success! We were able to connect to the application running inside of our container on port 8000. Switch back to the terminal where your container is running and you should see the POST request logged to the console.
2020-09-01T17:36:09:8770 INFO: POST /test
Press ctrl-c to stop the container.
Run in detached mode
This is great so far, but our sample application is a web server and we should not have to have our terminal connected to the container. Docker can run your container in detached mode or in the background. To do this, we can use the
-d for short. Docker will start your container the same as before but this time will “detach” from the container and return you to the terminal prompt.
Docker started our container in the background and printed the Container ID on the terminal.
Docker Run Ubuntu Images
Again, let’s make sure that our container is running properly. Run the same curl command from above.
Since we ran our container in the background, how do we know if our container is running or what other containers are running on our machine? Well, we can run the
docker ps command. Just like on Linux, to see a list of processes on your machine we would run the ps command. In the same spirit, we can run the
docker ps command which will show us a list of containers running on our machine.
ps command tells a bunch of stuff about our running containers. We can see the Container ID, The image running inside the container, the command that was used to start the container, when it was created, the status, ports that exposed and the name of the container.
You are probably wondering where the name of our container is coming from. Since we didn’t provide a name for the container when we started it, Docker generated a random name. We’ll fix this in a minute but first we need to stop the container. To stop the container, run the
docker stop command which does just that, stops the container. You will need to pass the name of the container or you can use the container id.
Now rerun the
docker ps command to see a list of running containers.
Stop, start, and name containers
Docker containers can be started, stopped and restarted. When we stop a container, it is not removed but the status is changed to stopped and the process inside of the container is stopped. When we ran the
docker ps command, the default output is to only show running containers. If we pass the
-a for short, we will see all containers on our system whether they are stopped or started.
If you’ve been following along, you should see several containers listed. These are containers that we started and stopped but have not been removed.
Let’s restart the container that we just stopped. Locate the name of the container we just stopped and replace the name of the container below in the restart command.
Now, list all the containers again using the ps command.
Notice that the container we just restarted has been started in detached mode and has port 8000 exposed. Also, observe the status of the container is “Up X seconds”. When you restart a container, it will be started with the same flags or commands that it was originally started with.
Let’s stop and remove all of our containers and take a look at fixing the random naming issue.
Stop the container we just started. Find the name of your running container and replace the name in the command below with the name of the container on your system.
Now that all of our containers are stopped, let’s remove them. When a container is removed, it is no longer running nor is it in the stopped status. However, the process inside the container has been stopped and the metadata for the container has been removed.
To remove a container, simple run the
docker rm command passing the container name. You can pass multiple container names to the command in one command.
Again, make sure you replace the containers names in the below command with the container names from your system.
docker ps --all command again to see that all containers are gone.
Run Ubuntu Docker Image On Windows
Now let’s address the pesky random name issue. Standard practice is to name your containers for the simple reason that it is easier to identify what is running in the container and what application or service it is associated with. Just like good naming conventions for variables in your code makes it simpler to read. So goes naming your containers.
To name a container, we just need to pass the
--name flag to the run command.
Docker Run Ubuntu Image File
Now, we can easily identify our container based on the name.
In this module, we took a look at running containers, publishing ports, and running containers in detached mode. We also took a look at managing containers by starting, stopping, and restarting them. We also looked at naming our containers so they are more easily identifiable. In the next module, we’ll learn how to run a database in a container and connect it to our application. See:
Docker Run Ubuntu Image Editor
Help us improve this topic by providing your feedback. Let us know what you think by creating an issue in the Docker Docs GitHub repository. Alternatively, create a PR to suggest updates.